Op. Dr. Âzer Aras Uluğ

Protection Methods in New Marriage

Suggestions for Couples About to Get Married! Prevention Methods

Protection is a very important issue for newly married couples. Since the couple's sexual life is frequent during this period, the contraceptive method must be effective and highly protective. Not every contraceptive method is suitable during this period. For example, we do not recommend spirial to newly married couples who have not had children. Except Gynefix Spiral. We recommend protection with classic coil to women who have given birth.

Protection Methods in New Marriage

The easiest and most effective method is birth control pills. Young married people sometimes may not prefer this due to their concerns. They have false beliefs such as birth control pills cause weight gain, cause cellulite, and make it difficult to get pregnant when they stop. It seems to cause irritability and nausea...

In fact, the most preferred method of contraception by newlywed couples is birth control pills. It is the most appropriate method that can be used in the time it takes for the spouses to adapt to married life, to sexual life, and for the spouses to get to know each other sexually. It can be used between 3-6 months. You can then switch to another method by consulting your doctor.

Two-Way Pregnancy Protection

Çift yönlü gebelikten korunma yönteminde takvim metodu ve prezervatif bir arada kullanılabilir. Düzenli adet gören kadınlarda bu yöntem uzun süre boyunca ve yan etki olmadan kullanılabilir.

The calendar method and condoms can be used together in a two-way contraceptive method. This method can be used for a long time and without side effects in women with regular menstruation.

During ovulation days, you can either avoid intercourse or use a condom. Recently, the implant applied into the arm is another method that has been wondered by couples. It has almost no side effects. However, since it causes menstruation, some women do not prefer it because they care about this issue. Additionally, spermicide gels and suppositories can also be used as a method of protection.

What are the Protection Methods in a New Marriage?

Contraceptive methods are divided into 5 groups.

1. Hormonal methods

  • birth control pills
  • monthly injections
  • 3 month injections
  • The next day's pill
  • Implants (subcutaneous application)

2. Intrauterine devices (spiral)

  • Intrauterine hormonal spiral
  • Intrauterine device (normal spiral)

3. Barrier methods

  • Condom (condom)
  • Diaphragm
  • spermicides

4. Natural methods

  • Back off
  • calendar method

5. Surgical methods

  • Tubal sterilization (female)
  • Vasectomy (male)

Is it possible to prevent pregnancy with natural contraceptive methods?

Withdrawal method: There is a high risk of pregnancy. Pregnancy often occurs, especially during the woman's ovulation period. Withdrawal is a very frequently preferred method. However, its reliability is low. The pregnancy protection rate is only 50-60%.

Calendar Method: It is a method of protection performed by detecting the ovulation period in women. It is reasonable for women with regular menstrual cycles. The upcoming ovulation time can be predicted. The protection effectiveness is around 75%.

Pregnancy Protection Methods (For Men)

In men;

  • Condom (condom)
  • Back off
  • Vasectomy (surgical sterilization)

Pregnancy Protection Methods (For Women)

  • birth control pills
  • monthly injections
  • 3 month injections
  • The next day's pill
  • Implants (subcutaneous application)
  • calendar method
  • spermicides
  • Diaphragm
  • Tubal sterilization (surgical sterilization)

What is the healthiest method of contraception?

The healthiest method is individual and personal. It varies from person to person. It is determined according to factors such as the age of the woman and the man, their general health and gynecological condition, menstrual pattern and amount of bleeding, and frequency of intercourse. You can make a joint decision as to which method is right for you, after being examined by a gynecologist.

What is the reliability of birth control methods?

  • Birth control pills 99%
  • Monthly and quarterly injections 99%
  • Implants (subcutaneous) 99.9%
  • Morning after pill 80-85%
  • Condom (condom) 98%
  • Intrauterine device (spiral) 98%
  • Aperture 94%
  • Spermicide 91%
  • Withdrawal 60%
  • Calendar method 75%
  • Tubal sterilization (surgery) 99.8%

What was done in the past to avoid getting pregnant?

Many different methods were used for birth control in ancient civilizations. In ancient Egypt, they would place a type of suppository (pessary) in the cervix to kill sperm or prevent them from passing from the vagina to the uterus. Intrauterine birth control methods are also described in the Kahun Papyrus. Recommended ingredients are acacia gum, sour milk, crocodile dung, sodium bicarbonate mixed with plant fibers. These were placed in the cervix.

The ancient Greeks are said to be the first nation to realize that pregnancy is the result of the union of a man and a woman. They used plants such as pendant plant, rue flower, and parsnip seed for birth control. They also wrote strange amulets and practiced methods such as avoiding skipping in the moonlight.

In ancient China, women drank hot mercury to prevent pregnancy. Women also used oiled bamboo paper disks as a barrier method.

In the Middle Ages, withdrawal, applying and placing certain substances and herbal mixtures into the vagina, amulets and spells were used as birth control methods.

The most notable and important development regarding birth control methods during the New Age and Renaissance was the invention of the first known condom. In Medieval Europe in the 1500s, nobles who cared about the risk of infection used decoratively patterned condoms made of quality linen.

Are there any herbal contraceptive methods?

Some herbal teas can cause uterine contractions and bleeding. These properties of plants have been used in birth control in the past. Drinking hibiscus tea after sexual intercourse reduces the risk of pregnancy. Likewise, sage, licorice, mistletoe and wormwood can cause bleeding by causing contraction in the uterus.

Consuming large amounts of parsley may cause uterine contractions. We do not have sufficient scientific information and evidence about the reliability and effectiveness of these methods. For this reason, we doctors do not recommend it as a birth control method.

How to use diaphragm?

It is a birth control device specially made for women, made of rubber and latex, and placed in the cervix. The diaphragm is especially preferred for those who do not want to use hormone medications because of its ease of use and reusability. With its vaginal barrier effect, the diaphragm prevents the sperm in the semen from reaching the uterus and the egg.

When used correctly, its protection effectiveness is 94%. Before using a diaphragm, the appropriate size should be determined and demonstrated in practice for first-time users. It can be placed 6 hours before sexual intercourse. You can remove it 8-24 hours after intercourse.

Which days are suitable to avoid getting pregnant?

Every woman's menstrual cycle is different. Normally, a menstrual cycle can occur every 21-35 days. In a woman who has a menstrual cycle every 28 days, the approximate ovulation time is between the 13th and 14th days of menstruation. in the days.

Early and late ovulation may occur in women. During the ovulation phase, the woman's body temperature increases by 0.5-1 degrees and the vaginal discharge may become more transparent and more mucus in quantity and longer. Approximate ovulation time can be estimated in women with regular menstrual cycles. The 2-4 days immediately after menstruation and the days immediately before menstruation are the safe days when the possibility of pregnancy is least.

Are monthly injections safe for contraception?

It is an alternative method for those who forget their birth control pills and do not want or cannot use other methods. It is easy to apply and long-term protection is achieved.

The estrogen and progesterone hormones in it prevent ovulation, thicken the plug in the cervix and prevent the passage of sperm. The protection rate of birth control injections is 99.2% and the probability of pregnancy is less than 1%.

Birth control injections are divided into monthly or 3-monthly. Monthly injections contain progesterone and estrogen, while 3-monthly injections contain only progesterone. These injections are given intramuscularly within the first 5 days of the menstrual period. These injections may cause menstrual irregularity and long-term absence of menstruation as side effects.

Are subcutaneous implants safe for contraception?

Subcutaneous implants prevent ovulation with the regular daily release of the hormones they contain. They provide protection against pregnancy for 3 years.

It contains the progesterone hormone, which thickens the fluid in the cervix and prevents the sperm in the semen from rising and passing. It also causes thinning of the inner wall of the uterus, which allows the egg to attach to the uterus. The implant method provides 99.9% protection from pregnancy. The implant is placed through a small procedure in the upper inner part of the arm during menstruation.

It's just like drawing blood. This procedure should only be performed under the supervision of a physician. After implant application, there are side effects such as menstrual irregularity or decreased menstrual period, delayed vision. This is also an indication that you are providing effective protection.

Are birth control pills safe to prevent pregnancy?

Birth control pills prevent pregnancy by blocking ovulation. It is one of the most preferred birth control methods.

If the pills are used regularly, they are 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. Some women may experience slight bleeding, headache, and breast tenderness when they start using birth control pills. These complaints, which are normal in the first week, will decrease over time.

It is not right for every woman to use birth control pills. It must be used with the recommendation and control of a physician.

Update Date: 01.01.2024
Op. Dr. Âzer Aras Uluğ
Op. Dr. Azer Aras Uluğ
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